Research Objective

The MacHANd Group is committed to conducting high-quality research to advance health care. A common focus across studies is measuring and understanding the biologic, personal, work, and environmental factors that contribute to development of pain and disability in the hand and upper extremity, and identifying the most effective interventions to mitigate these problems.

Research Themes

Theme #1Clinical Research and Evidence-Based Practice (EBP) that focus on the hand, wrist, elbow, shoulder, nerve, occupational disorders, articles/resources for EBP, systematic reviews, economic analyses, utilities, randomized controlled trials, and outcome measures.  Study designs include clinical trials and cohort studies. 

Theme #2Lab-based Research, including bench and animal studies, that focus on the hand, wrist, elbow, shoulder, and nerve. 


Current Projects
  1. Pain
  2. Fractures
  3. Musculoskeletal Disability
  4. Quality of Life
  5. Outcome Measures
  6. Knowledge Transfer and Evidence-Based Practice

Recent Relevant Publications

(MacHANd Authors Bolded)


Bashardoust Tajali S, MacDermid JC, Grewal R, Young C: Reliability and Validity of Electro-Goniometric Range of Motion Measurements in Patients with Hand and Wrist Limitations. doi: 10.2174/1874325001610010190. Open Orthopaedics Journal. Jun 15;10:190-205, 2016.

Canadian Shoulder and Elbow Society (CSES, MacDermid J). Design and implementation of the 2012 Canadian shoulder course for senior orthopedic residents. Orthop Traumatol Surg Res. 2016 Nov;102(7):885-890.

de Almeida PH, MacDermid JC, Pontes TB, Dos Santos-Couto-Paz CC, da Mota LM, Matheus JP. Orthotic use for CMC osteoarthritis: Variations among different health professionals in Brazil. J Hand Ther. 2016 Oct - Dec;29(4):440-450.

de Almeida PH, MacDermid JC, Pontes TB3, Dos Santos-Couto-Paz CC3, Matheus JP: Differences in orthotic design for thumb osteoarthritis and its impact on functional outcomes: A scoping review.  Prosthetics and Orthotics International. Epub Sep 9, 2016.

Degen RM, MacDermid JC, Grewal R, Drosdowech DS, Faber KJ, Athwal GS. Prevalence of Symptoms of Depression, Anxiety, and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Workers With Upper Extremity Complaints. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2016 Jul;46(7):590-5.

Desmeules F, Boudreault J, Dionne CE, Frémont P, Lowry V, MacDermid JC, Roy JS: Efficacy of exercise therapy in workers with rotator cuff tendinopathy: a systematic review. J Occup Health. 2016 Sep 30;58(5):389-403.

Dewan N, MacDermid JC, MacIntyre N,  Grewal R:  Reproducibility: Reliability and Agreement of short version of Western Ontario Rotator Cuff Index (Short-WORC) in patients with rotator cuff disorders. Journal of Hand Therapy 29(3):281-91, 2016.

Esakki S, MacDermid JC, Vajravelu S: Linking of the American Acadamy of Orthopedic Surgeons Distal Radius Fracture Clinical Practice Guidelines to the International Classification of Functioning Disability and Health (ICF) and Hand Core Sets. Hand (N Y). 2016 Sep;11(3):314-321.

Graham B, Peljovich AE, Afra R, Cho MS, Gray R, Stephenson J, Gurman A, MacDermid J, Mlady G, Patel AT, Rempel D, Rozental TD, Salajegheh MK, Keith MW, Jevsevar DS, Shea KG, Bozic KJ, Adams J, Evans JM, Lubahn J, Ray WZ, Spinner R, Thomson G, Shaffer WO, Cummins DS, Murray JN, Mohiuddin M, Mullen K, Shores P, Woznica A, Linskey E, Martinez Y, Sevarino K. The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons Evidence-Based Clinical Practice Guideline on: Management of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2016 Oct 19;98(20):1750-1754

Grewal R, Lutz K, MacDermid JC, Suh N: Proximal Pole Scaphoid Fractures: A Computed Tomographic Assessment of Outcomes. Journal of Hand Surgery Am: 41(1):54-8, 2016.

Heaven S, de Sa D, Duong A, Simunovic N, Ayeni OR. Safety and efficacy of arthroscopy in the setting of shoulder arthroplasty. Curr Rev Musculoskelet Med. 2016 Mar;9(1):54-8

Holtby R, Christakis M, Maman E,  MacDermid JC, Dwyer T,  Athwal GS, Faber K, Theodoropoulos , Woodhouse LJ, Razmjou H: Impact of Platelet-Rich Plasma on Arthroscopic Repair of Small-to Medium-Sized Rotator Cuff Tears A Randomized Controlled Trial. Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine 13: 4(9), 2016.

Horner NS, de Sa D, Heaven S, Simunovic N, Bedi A, Athwal GS, Ayeni OR.Indications and outcomes of shoulder arthroscopy after shoulder arthroplasty. J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 2016 Mar;25(3):510-8.

Kay J, Memon M, de Sa D, Simunovic N, Athwal GS, Bedi A, Ayeni OR.Level of clinical evidence presented at the open and closed American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons annual meeting over 10 years (2005-2014). BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 2016 Nov 14;17(1):470.

Kay J, Memon M, de Sa D, Duong A, Simunovic N, Athwal GS, Ayeni OR. Five-year publication rate of clinical presentations at the open and closed American shoulder and elbow surgeons annual meeting from 2005-2010. J Exp Orthop. 2016 Dec;3(1):21.

Lalone EA, Grewal R, King GJ, MacDermid JC. A structured review addressing the use of radiographic measures of alignment and the definition of acceptability in patients with distal radius fractures. Hand (N Y). 2015 Dec;10(4):621-38.

Lalone EA, Grewal R, King G, MacDermid J. Patient-reported pain and disability ten years after a distal radius fracture: a prospective study. Bone Joint J. 2016: 98-B(SUPP 21 50): 50

Lalone EA, Grewal R, MacDermid JC. Impact of Radius Malunion on Wrist Contact Mechanics. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2016 May;46(5):399.

Nazari G, MacDermid JC, Bain J, Levis CM, Thoma A. Estimation of health-related-quality of life depends on which utility measure is selected for patients with carpal tunnel syndrome. J Hand Ther. 2016 Dec 14 (in press).

Packham T, Ball PD, MacDermid JC, Bain JR, DalCin A: A scoping review of applications and outcomes of traction orthoses and constructs for the management of intra-articular fractures and fracture dislocations in the hand. Journal of Hand Therapy 29 (3):246-268, 2016.

St-Pierre C, Desmeules F, Dionne CE, Frémont P, MacDermid JC, Roy JS: Psychometric properties of self-reported questionnaires for the evaluation of symptoms and functional limitations in individuals with rotator cuff disorders: a systematic review.  Disabil Rehabil. 2016;38(2):103-22.

Szekeres M, MacDermid JC, Birmingham T, Grewal R. The inter-rater reliability of the modified finger goniometer for measuring forearm rotation. J Hand Ther. 2016 Jul-Sep;29(3):292-8.

Szekeres M, MacDermid JC, Birmingham T, Grewal R, Lalone E: The Effect of Therapeutic Whirlpool and Hot Packs on Hand Volume During Rehabilitation After Distal Radius Fracture: A Blinded Randomized Controlled Trial.  Hand Epub.  August 6, 2016.

Uddin Z, MacDermid JC, Moro J, Galea V, Gross AR. Psychophysical and Patient Factors as Determinants of Pain, Function and Health Status in Shoulder Disorders. The Open Orthopaedics Journal. 2016;10:466-80.

Waljee JF, Ladd A,  MacDermid JC,  Rozental T, Wolfe SW, Distal Radius Outcomes Consortium: A unified approach to outcomes assessment for distal radius fracture. J Hand Surg Am. 2016 Apr;41(4):565-73.


Associated Labs & Research Institutes

MacHAND (McMaster University Hand, Arm, Neck Disability) Lab

Michael G. DeGroote Institute for Pain Research and Care (McMaster University) 

Fahnestock Molecular Biology Lab (McMaster University)

Microsurgery Lab (St. Joseph’s Healthcare Hamilton)

Batt Molecular Lab (University of Toronto)

Surgical Outcomes Resource Centre (SOURCE, McMaster University)


The MacHANd Group offers research opportunities for residents, fellows, medical students, occupational therapy students, physiotherapy students, and other health sciences students.

Students may develop their own projects or participate in existing research projects.
2015 HHS Video: MacHAND Lab student project under the supervision of Dr. Joy MacDermid.

2016 HHS Video: MacHAND Lab student project under the supervision of Dr. Joy MacDermid.

Please complete the MacHANd Student Internship Inquiry Form and e-mail it to Margaret Lomotan at

Current Trainees

Folarin Babatunde, PhD (candidate), School of Rehabilitation Science, McMaster University

Pranay Jindal, PhD (candidate), School of Rehabilitation Science, McMaster University

Mona Mathna, PhD (candidate), School of Rehabilitation Science, McMaster University

Past Trainees

Janice Cheung (BSc, 2010-2012), Currently: Physiotherapist, Clinical Practice

Neha Dewan (PhD, 2012-2016)

Nancy Durrant (MSc, 2012-2014), Currently: Program Coordinator, College of Physiotherapy

Marissa Constand (MSc, 2013-2014), Currently: Physiotherapist Trainee, McMaster University

Niyati Ghandi (MSc, 2008-2010), Currently: Physiotherapist, Clinical Practice

Eunice Fung (BSc, 2012-2013), Currently: Occupational Therapist Trainee, University of Toronto

Fatmah Hasani (MSc, 2013-2015)

Ze Lu (MSc, 2014-2016)

Saurabh Mehta (PhD, 2008-2012), Currently: Assistant Professor, Marshall University

Jordan Miller (PhD, 2012-2016), Currently: Assistant Professor, Queen's University

Saranya Nair (BSc, 2013-2014), Currently: MSc Trainee, University of Guelph

Goris Nazari (MSc, 2014-2016), Currently: PhD Trainee, Western University

Tara Packham (PhD, 2012-2016)

Jennifer Poon (BHSc, 2011-2012)

Jean-Sébastien Roy (Post-doctoral Fellow, 2008-2010), Currently: Assistant Professor, Université Laval

Kathryn Sinden (PhD, 2010-2014), Currently: Assistant Professor, Lakehead University

Kenneth Tang (Post-Doctoral Fellow, 2014-2016), Currently: Statistician, Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario

Hiten Thakker (MSc, 2013-2016)

Zakir Udin (PhD, 2011-2014), Currently: Faculty Member, University of Sharjah, United Arab Emirates

Tools & Measures

Tools or Products of Research

Outcome Measures

Research Inquiries

For research inquiries, please contact:

Margaret Lomotan, Research Coordinator


General Information

Mailing Address:

MacHANd (c/o Margaret Lomotan)
School of Rehabilitation Sciences
Faculty of Health Sciences, McMaster University
Institute of Applied Health Sciences,
Room 403, 1400 Main St. W. Hamilton, ON L8S 1C7